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Sunday, November 30, 2014

How Your Thinking Affects Results


"Thoughts are Things" ~ Napoleon Hill
How you think of yourself as a sales rep will translate into how you communicate to your prospect. That is a universal truth for all things, if you believe something will happen....it probably will, i.e., the self fulfilling prophecy.  If you see prospects being annoyed at your calls, they will be.  Example: if you believe your cold call is a nuisance, you will project that through your voice gestures, your choice of words, and your overall interaction with your prospect.  Sales reps that assume their call is unwanted, often open up with statements like "am I calling at a bad time?" or "is it okay to talk for a minute?"  Or end their introduction with a question--like "Hi Barbara, this is Bill Smitherton over at Imagintech?" The tone sends a subconscious message of "do you know who we are?" Those kinds of statements also immediately create a class distinction of "you don't know me, you are better than me, your time is worth more, will you please talk to me...."  Those same sales reps will also say to themselves "Executives never call back, no reason to leave a voicemail." Or, "Executives don't take cold calls, I never call without a warm intro."

I do a lot of troubleshooting for sales teams, and one thing I continually see is the biggest obstacle to success is the belief systems reps have about engaging with prospects.  How we THINK about things designs the way we DO them, so sometimes what is needed is not coaching but changing a mindset.

What are some mindsets to examine?
  • "People don't take calls."  Ask if you are calling the right people? What are you saying? Would YOU take a call from YOU? Do you leave yourself messages to see how you sound on a voicemail?
  • "No one answers their phone." Are you calling the exact same person at the exact same time every day?   Are they on vacation?  Are they in the same job?  
  • "People cut me off."  What are you saying when they cut you off?  What is the stage of the conversation you generally lose people? Is there a pattern?(Hint: yes) 
The good thing about realizing that your beliefs are impacting your results, is the ability to change results opens up.

Sometimes it is a lack of empathy of what is happening on the prospects side.  For example, realizing what is happening with your buyers enables you to see a couple of things.  First, they may have heard your message and are interested, they have been too busy to call back.  Or maybe they didn't even get your message. Everyone isn't carefully micromanaging each voicemail like a precious piece of data to close the loop on, likely they are just busy and had good intentions but the reality is life happens, days go by, and it falls off their radar.
Also, pushing on the system is very important.  What do I mean by that?  If you are calling someone repeatedly and not reaching them--have you even determined they are there?  Many reps get angry and frustrated someone isn't calling them back only to realize they are out sick, or on vacation, or don't even work there anymore.  So instead of "air coverage" of contacts you haven't personally confirmed, zero out and ask if they are in this week. Are they the right person?

Another thing that happens is sales reps don't realize how they are communicating.  Sending a 700 word email will overwhelm someone that has about 4 seconds to read something is a sure way to lose their interest.  Keep your follow up short, concise, and fit it in what can be seen in the view window of Outlook without opening it.  That view space is how much real estate and attention span you have, more than that is asking too much on an initial contact.  What you want is for them to say "tell me more"  not "this is way more than what I asked for."

The good thing about owning your results, is you can now control your results. Conversations and engagements are predictable and measurable and you can change what you are doing to get to the right results.  This is why a person will get 2 calls from 2 different people about the same topic with the same talk track, they talk to one but not to the other--why?  Because it wasn't what they said as much as HOW they said it.

Here are a few things to do as a homework assignment.  If you aren't getting the results you want, ask yourself what is happening.  Do you introduce yourself in the form of a question? Do you believe prospects don't want to talk to you?  Do you need to change your beliefs about prospects?  Are you losing their attention at a certain stage of the sales cycle or conversations?  You'll find a slight adjustment will change your experience significantly.

What you can do:
  1. Leave yourself a voicemail of both your introduction on live calls and your voicemail message to see what you sound like, do it until you get it to the tone you want. Ask "would you would listen to YOU?"  Hearing yourself will surface if you are taking too long, or if you are saying things that could be stated a better way.
  2. Examine if there is some consistency to your unsuccessful calls--there may be a phrase or term(s) you use that aren't resonating. Use common industry terms, not acronyms or internal solution terms they may not know.
  3. Do you believe prospects don't want to take your calls?  Seek out successful models of how to connect, not negative industry fodder written by people that don't like to cold call.
Thoughts are things, so make them things that are working for you!

Tuesday, October 21, 2014

Sales Can Be Rocket Science When You Aren't Current

To be effective in today's enterprise sales environment, reps need to have about 15 different skill sets firing at peak performance to make a difference. Why is it so hard for individuals, or entire teams, to grasp the complexity of what needs to happen?

Old School Thinking, Old School Training

Again and again we see the same skills training happening, which doesn't always map to what is really happening with prospects.

Some very interesting points are highlighted in the 2013 Accenture "Perspectives on Training" study (click here) which states 72% of executives identified training as one of the top ways for employees to develop new skills, only 52% of workers employed by the companies surveyed currently receive company-provided, formal training. This is a really interesting report I encourage all to read.

But what does lack of training mean for sales teams?



In the world of enterprise B2B sales, it means at best a little more than half of sales teams get any training at all. Many times training is done by internal product teams on new products, features, and functions. Or the team is brought offsite for a series of sessions from executives, sales, and marketing management on what is happening with the company.

What is often missing is the training on "it's 2014, what do we need to do to engage prospects and stakeholders...what does it take? How can we retain prospects in the pipeline?"

This is the depth of skills training that's often missing, the secret sauce that addresses:
  • How do I (or my team) reach prospects?
  • How do I get them to engage in a lengthy discussion with us?
  • How to write emails that get results?
  • How can social media factor into success?
  • What are the most effective trends in enterprise sales?
  • How is Marketing aligned with current engagement practices and how to best leverage that?
  • What is the best time to engage a prospect to get in front of the decision?
  • How to maintain full steam when there is rep turnover?
  • How to make the CRM a tool to increase success instead of a burden with adoption challenges?
  • How did companies end up with the infrastructure they have today?

To some it might sound simple, but a huge percentage of reps lack these very skills. A quick fix to get started is here where InsideView has published a guide to Social Selling you can download here (click to access.)

Another important thing to remember is YOU need to invest in yourself. What does that mean? Companies spend $20 Billion a year in sales training, but the above numbers of it only happening in a segment of the companies is true. So reps need to have their own development plan and managers need to tap into resources to share with their teams. The key is not to wait for training to be delivered up, but find the right resources and bring them to yourself and your team.

A good way to design a personal plan is:
  • Set up Google Alerts for your industry or competitors, know what the industry is talking about outside of your company.
  • Set aside 30 minutes 2x a week to read industry publications. If you are in tech, staying up on what is happening that affects your customers is key--technical and situational fluency makes a difference in how much prospects trust you and will rely on your for answers.
  • Create a reading list. If you're having trouble deciding what to list, Amazon has a list of the Top 25 Sales Books you can pull some titles from
  • If you haven't read "The World is Flat" by T Friedman, you should. Many reps can benefit from knowing some of the history of how we got here from a vantage point of transformation.
  • Books like "Colossus-How the Corporation Changed America" by Jack Beatty is another good read for background on how enterprise companies developed into what we have today.
Many companies have an infrastructure that represents layers of technology from years of management eras. This will definitely impact how companies make decisions about new solutions. Reps need situational background to be the most effective, so getting that context is huge.

Bottom line is sales IS Rocket Science when you don't have the tools and skills to be effective. It is like looking at the most complex equation and having no idea what the solution is. The great thing is everything is at your fingertips to put into practice with some effort.

Happy selling!



Image Credit: Android Ghost

Tuesday, September 09, 2014

Don Draper is an Expert at "Social Selling," Are You?

The art of "Social Selling" is sometimes considered an optional "extra-curricular" method of sales reps either do, or do not choose to adopt. Part of the reason is having the word "Social" in it causes people to map it to social media. Since many sales reps are not social media power users, and don't see it as a way to find "deals" they stick with what they know. In the end, it is dismissed as something to do with social media and doing things outside of their wheelhouse that take time with little return. Unfortunately, management may share this mindset as they also see little value in ROI from anything "social."

Let's dissect the topic and take an academic look at "social selling" and why it is not something extra-curricular but rather something that is intrinsic to taking you from little league to professional, from a sales associate (in appearance and reception) to a power player, a peer, and why it is something that has been around since sales became a profession.

On a side note--it is also a way to make yourself memorable to prospects, sets you apart from the other 30 reps that try to connect with them that week, make yourself more valuable to your employer, and build long-term relationships that stick. 

A fictional character that is master of social selling is Don Draper. Before computers or being online was even conceived, Don Draper knew the value of information, which includes when and how to use it. 

Don Draper's selling landscape in the 1960's looked like:
  • Some things clients want never change, they want to be the best option for their consumers (in perception at least.) 
  • They want to break into new markets, retain their existing customers and wow their audience. 
  • They want to be a household name, a fixture in their space that automatically is considered when a requirement comes up.
  • They want to feel safe with their vendors, they want to confirm they made the best choice.
  • They want an advocate with their vendor.
  • They want a vendor to grow and align with their plans.
  • They want you to know what they want even when they don't know what they want. They may have unrealistic goals.
How Don Draper did Social Selling in the 1960's:
  • He had people do research on companies to get information.  We have a meeting with a huge firm--so someone is in charge of researching the firm, their clients, their current vendors, and user preferences. 
  • Relationships often meant inside information, and valuing those resources.
  • He carefully observed his prospects, their habits, their style, who they are and their level of influence.
  • He put himself where his clients would be, but not overstaying his welcome.
  • He keenly observes people, and has a high amount of emotional intelligence in selling (we'll leave it at that.) NOTE: It has been observed by some, that people with dysfunctional backgrounds are very good at sales from their ability to have a high sensitivity to undercurrents and emotional tones. (Article "Dysfunctional Family? You'd Make a Great Entrepreneur")
NOTE: The above preparation and effort to learn this about prospects took a lot of time, multiple people, preparation....by the time the client saw the final presentation, it was seamless and they had no clue what went into it.

How Reps Today Execute Social Selling:
  • Companies can be researched online in about 15 minutes--not days with multiple people involved, or having to pay for information.
  • You can research your prospects fairly easily via their own user generated content, (i.e., LinkedIn, Twitter, Press Releases, etc.) and also looking at their peers and industry.
  • You can observe their habits and style by being able to discern their actions remotely in the online world. 
  • You want to make an appearance, not an entrance--so low touch and informal is the best way to keep the dialog going.
Social Selling is really just "selling" like the seasoned pro's do, it isn't some enhanced method for a select few. It is distilling everything about your prospect, such as live interactions, online, remote, with others, and observing their interests and actions in the public domain. From there you distill it down to carefully executed actions that make a difference.

Good sales reps have always been around, the amount of people and cycles to get things done has been greatly reduced thanks to the internet--so you can be incredibly effective on your own.  It is being the Ultimate Maverick to implement smart pre and post detective work into your relationships.

What Are YOU doing to step up in 2015 to a changing sales landscape?


Image credit: AMC


Wednesday, July 23, 2014

How Many Calls Does It Take to Reach Executives?

A common topic among B2B sales teams is how difficult it can be to reach prospects. My team often makes (8-10+) attempts to reach prospects (more in some cases,) which is a reflection of the fact that people are extra busy in today's B2B environments. It takes a very developed level of skill, effort, and persistence to reach prospects and is much more than a "numbers game" as so many people believe. Rather, today's engagement requires an understanding of executive work environments, the psychology of engagement, and preparation.
What could you be doing right when prospects are apologizing?
Even though there is a requirement for a much higher level of persistence in today's B2B selling landscape, old habits die hard and the habit of '3 strikes and you're out' is still very alive on the sales side. What that means is a typical effort to reach a prospect is a couple of voicemails and an email, and if the prospect hasn't responded by then, the rep moves on thinking they weren't interested after all. I have heard reps say things like "if they were interested they would have called back" or "I don't have time to chase them" to "I'm not going to waste time leaving voicemails, I sent an email--if they don't respond they aren't interested." Right when a follow up engagement is starting to get on a prospects' radar, many reps gives up and it's two ships that passed in the night. Sound familiar?
Recently, I was talking with a client of ours who gave me an example of how he had to call one prospect more than 5 times. It was someone that initially was very interested but went quiet. My client said he felt sure there was something there and persisted, and to his surprise the prospect was very interested and nothing had changed, he was just busy. We agreed most sales reps would have given up by then. I asked "did your prospect apologize when you connected with him finally?" He said YES, how did I know? We have that happen all the time, it's an indicator of doing something right.
What does this mean to you when your prospect apologizes? It means they did get your messages, they had good intentions, and appreciate your persistence (This whole article is assuming this is happening with a professional peer-level outreach and not being a pest--which my next article covers.)
A few things to keep in mind:
  • Typically it takes around 3 discussions before relationships with prospects becomes reciprocal, which means those first 2 discussions may take extra effort to connect.
  • What is often interpreted as no-interest is really just "real life." It is important to put yourself in your prospect's shoes to understand what is really happening and not take it personal.
While reps give up trying to reach their prospects thinking they aren't interested, what really happens is maybe they were out of town, they were out sick, or things like their client called them ranting about a problem and they had to put out a fire, one of their staff had to leave on a family emergency, they had a key team member quit, because they get 300 emails and 15 vendor calls a day and there is a lot of competition for their attention, or because an enterprise platform they just bought crashed, or they have 200 sites offline right now because the network went down....the reasons are countless...but bottom line, the deal is still there and they are still interested.
The National Sales Executive Association had released some statistics a couple of years ago from a study that stated:
  • 2% of sales are closed from a single attempt,
  • 3% from two attempts,
  • 5% after 3 attempts,
  • 10% after 4 attempts,
but here is the whopper--
  • 80% of deals closed after making from 5-12 attempts.
Companies often do a "Did They Buy" Study on past leads that typically reveal that from 50%-70% of your prospects ended up buying something, but did they buy it from you?
Prospects tend to take the path of least resistance—so if you are making it easy for them to buy from you by being available and persistent, then you have increased your chances of closing the deal.
If you hear a lot of apologies from your prospects and progressing deals, it isn't a bad thing. If you aren't, then take a look at your process for follow up and ask if you might be giving up too early?
When was the last time a prospect told you they were sorry they didn't call you back sooner?

Friday, June 06, 2014

Why You Can't Go Back

There has been a permanent shift in B2B sales and marketing that has forever changed the prospect landscape for the traditional direct rep and their supporting marketing team. What is it?  It is the fact that enterprise buyers don't NEED the sales process from 10 years ago. They don't need it for product information, they don't need it for references, they don't need emails that tell them you would be happy to give them a "free quote" (do people charge for quotes?) They don't need anyone's help to compare to competitors. They also don't need to repeat things they have said before because no one wrote it down when they didn't meet BANT criteria, and they don't need to schedule meetings they don't want to have. 

Now, this doesn't mean that sales and marketing departments are going to be dismantled and automation takes over.  In fact, automation is next in line for an overhaul to map to what buyers want. Email communication shouldn't be about the vendor, it should be about the prospect. It should focus 100% on topics and issues that prospects are dealing with, and have more solutions to problems and a thought leadership focus vs. a "buy our stuff" focus. A recent SiriusDecisions study states that only 16% of companies have bought marketing automation (download an excellent 2014 Buyers Guide to Marketing Automation) and there is a skills deficit in the marketplace. What does that mean?  It means we get a lot of email about "buy our stuff."

But prospects do need something....what is it? They need a quality experience with your company. THAT is what will set you apart more than anything. Prospects experience train wrecks on the front lines every day. Some examples are filling out forms and no one calls them back, they can't find a number, they call to get information and they get hammered with BANT questions, they have to provide a lot of information to get a simple data sheet, and they are treated as unimportant. An inquiry is more about "do WE want to talk to YOU Mr(s) Prospect?" Really, what needs to be in place is a vehicle to find information easily, they need to be able to contact you easily, they need access to a rep that's situationally fluent, they need someone to help them visualize the solution, remove obstacles, understand the long-term potential, correct any wrong information they discovered on their own.They need someone that is a professional that gets what it means to be in their prospects' shoes and the exposure a prospect has from making a bad decision.

This has been percolating for a while now, and lately has boiled over to a point that prospects have no more tolerance for a bad vendor experience. Social media has given prospects a voice to let the world know when they have a bad experience. So the way to make sure that user-generated content in the public domain is heavy on the positive.

What are some things you can do now?  Because prospects are close to 65% further informed than in the past (Sales Benchmark Index 2013,) you need to make sure their online experience is a good one because many times that is their first exposure to your solution. It will impact your sales. Here are 6 things to look at today:
  1. Is it easy to contact your firm? Can prospects find a phone number? This sounds absurd, but so many companies don't have their number on each page and when you do go to the "Contact Us" page, it is a form.
  2. Can they learn about you for free--no forms, having to join a mailing list, or disclose your identity. Not conceptual things but real data they can visualize working with you from.
  3. Have you had someone that is not part of your company, look through your site and tell you if it makes sense. One of the things that happens is operating in an isolated group, content gets created that makes perfect sense to you but prospects draw wrong conclusions again and again. You need to speak in your prospects terms, presenting your solution in a way they can quickly grasp.
  4. Do you have business savvy, situationally fluent people dealing with front line interactions? People get highly annoyed when they have to talk to someone that is more interested in their budget than helping to answer questions.
  5. Have you looked at your site on all computers, browsers, mobile, etc. Sometimes things that seem very simple are often neglected and links are broken, pages load wrong, etc. 
  6. Do your emails use any space for verbalizing "ask for a quote now" or something like that. Everybody knows you are GLAD to provide pricing, it goes unsaid. Don't waste that split-second of attention saying something everyone knows--use your time wisely to state things that build trust and confidence in your solution.

Engineering the first stage of the sales cycle to seamless map at each touch point to something more positive takes effort. Taking the time to travel the road your prospects do in those early stages helps you create a great experience that pays off.

Friday, May 23, 2014

Those First Seconds Matter, Especially in Sales


The importance of first impressions is undisputed. Whether it’s a meeting with a potential client, a job interview, a new boss, a new acquaintance, a neighbor, a new colleague, the list goes on. And making the most of that first chance allows you to make a significant difference as to the final outcome of that interaction.  It's well proven that people make a decision about you almost immediately based on all the information presented to them. 

When it comes to cold calling, the principle applies to an even higher degree with less data because you only have your voice to make the impression.  You can't offset not saying the perfect thing with a professional demeanor, or you can't be somewhat soft-spoken but still exude confidence with a strong handshake and your overall presence--you are accomplishing all of those things with your voice and choice of words.  Your voice is creating a mental picture, and you are compensating for in-person gestures with your dialog.

The impression that a first call or a cold call makes will stick with the prospect and set the tone for building the relationship--or end it right there.  It could make the difference of a prospect even wanting to talk with your company again, or willing to break off some time and talk about what they are looking for.  

In 2014, we are well aware of the selling landscape.  Your prospects are constantly bombarded with calls, emails, inter-company distractions, pressures, and their own emergencies. They have 50 things going on at any given time and getting a vendor call in the middle of it would have to be pretty compelling for them to stop everything and have a discussion.

That being said, why would companies want to put the least skilled, lowest paid, least knowledgeable people on front lines making cold calls to new prospects?  It may be the budget that drove that decision, but the long-term revenue loss is much more significant in the lost opportunities.

Outbound calling today requires a very sophisticated skill set.  Since prospects are able to research you before they ever talk to you, today's prospecting teams need to add value above what your prospect's can find on their own. They need to be able to connect and converse on a "peer-to-peer" level and neutralize any sales resistance and create a discovery dynamic.  

They need to have:
- Situational fluency at CxO, and VP levels
- Industry expertise to help your prospect visualize the solution you offer in their specific environment
- Ability to steer a discussion real-time based on the prospect's topics of interest
- Emotional intelligence to know when to speak, when to listen, and what questions to ask
- Complete understanding of corporate structure and an empathetic grasp of today's business and executive challenges

Companies invest hundreds of thousands of dollars into building their direct sales teams. Harvard Business Review published a study a few years back that revealed companies value presentation skill as one of the top 3 desired abilities for sales reps. But so many times those same companies will put the weakest link on the front lines to introduce the company. That same quality of presence the direct team needs, also needs to be on the initial call as well to even have access to executives. Choosing low cost resources that deliver volume or low cost services vs. quality can do damage in the long run.  

SiriusDecisions reports that 40-70% of prospects that have interest do eventually buy, retaining presence in those accounts requires skill and persistence. And many "Did You Buy" studies companies conduct on leads that fell out of the pipeline reveled that they did in fact make a purchase, from another provider. Many times it is just mismanagement of the relationship and poor engagement that lost the deal just because another vendor did it better.

Using senior level resources to introduce your company and solution allows you to address real-time any misconceptions the prospect has, understand requirements, establish trust, and bridge and engagement effectively out to your direct team.  The buying and selling landscape is volatile, and it's important to be in the right place at the right time--and you can't do that reading a script or measuring how many dials are made as the main activity.

I have said this many times, it isn’t that prospects don’t want to take cold calls; they don’t want to take a bad call.  So make your calls the ones they take. 

Putting your best foot forward will pay off throughout the relationship you build with prospects and make a real impact on your pipeline and retention of opportunities.  Your increased revenue potential will confirm you need to take into account the selling environment of today!

Monday, March 31, 2014

Do You Teach Yourself to Be an Expert Sales Professional?

We've all been part of the traditional "sales training" event a company organizes. Each quarter, or at least a couple times a year, companies bring the team in for training. It highlights new features or releases of the product(s), how to deal with objections, how to persuade, incentivize, progress deals through your pipeline.  New collateral is released, new use cases, new site features, etc. Usually people on the product side speak about industry trends and why this is a good fit. There might be some outside speakers that are engaging. The CEO is inspirational, the events are fun.  

But then what?

What do YOU do on your own to train YOURSELF?  It's an interesting question, as there have been countless studies on the effectiveness of outside sales training. In fact, US Companies spend over $20 Billion a year on sales training. Unfortunately, by the next quarter, it starts to lose some effect. Much of outside sales training success depends on how much one applies themselves to it. It is also very product focused, not personal to your interaction and relationship development with prospects. Some companies go a step further and adopt a methodology, like "Solution Selling" or "Strategic Account Selling" which is a more formalized approach to pipeline management.

There is little to no research on how the effort around "self-designed" sales training sticks. Yet, this is one of the best investments a professional can make in themselves. The retention and application of what a person learns in any field is much greater when they are motivated. Also, there is a big picture at play. Not just the company you are at now, but to you as a professional and how your career develops. The time you take to educate yourself ensures you are very well-versed in trends, news, industry publications, and are able to map what you learn to discussion points so you can quickly dive in at the level of your customer. 

When customers have participated in studies (great article with podcast by Harvard Business Review) about what they really want in a sales rep, top of the list is someone that understands their business and unique challenges. The knowledge of your product is important, but how it fits into the big picture with all the various scenarios they could be dealing with is what establishes you as an expert.

What can you do right now to invest in yourself?
  1. Pick 2 industry publications you will subscribe to. Not sales oriented but industry. Since everything we do is in enterprise tech, publications like CIO Magazine and Information Week are great to keep up on trends.
  2. Set Google Alerts for topics related to your customers and solution(s). Keep up with what is happening outside of your company.
  3. Start keeping track of social channels on Twitter and LinkedIn that has content you can learn from related to areas you are working on.
  4. Always step back and connect the dots, it's important to see how what was going on a year ago maps to now, and how there is overlap with all of it. 
  5. Build a reading list of books on new sales and management trends. Keep up on what is effective, and what is dated.
  6. Spend 15 minutes a day reading about your industry, verticals, trends, news, and other relevant information.
  7. Make an honest assessment of your strengths and challenges, and have a plan. Example, if you don't like to speak in front of groups, join Toastmasters. 
  8. Keep a list of what you want to learn about related to your industry, and work through it over the coming months. Is it understanding the history of Supply Chain Management? Networking/Telecom?  It isn't boring once you dive in, and it will give you a huge advantage when talking with customers/prospects when you bring a background of knowledge.

Are you doing any of these things above now? Spending 15 minutes a day developing yourself pays off for years to come. I'll look forward to hearing how some of your have implemented a "self-designed" model of sales training and the impact it has with your customers!